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Perhaps the attentive reader has expressed surprise that so little has been said about the cost of planting, cultivating, and harvesting the peanut crop. This was because no estimate of costs that would suit one place, would apply in another and a distant locality. There is no uniformity in this matter, hence it was deemed best to leave each reader to count the costs for himself, based on his knowledge of his own local surroundings.
THE PEANUT GARDEN OF AMERICA.
The following article from the Suffolk, Va., "Herald," gives a concise view of the growth and development of this staple in Virginia, and illustrates how a portion of the Southside has become, perhaps, the leading peanut-producing section of our country:
"When James H. Platt introduced his bill in Congress imposing a duty upon peanuts imported from Africa, a large majority of the members of that august body hardly knew what a peanut was. A few of them had eaten 'Goobers' which had been carefully cultivated in the garden by their grandmothers, but as to why they needed protection, or how many of them there were to protect, but little was known even by the best informed.
The culture of this important agricultural product was then in its infancy, and it was hardly recognized as an article of commerce.
"Only a few short years have rolled by, and what a change has been effected. The peanut crop has assumed gigantic proportions, and the aggregate amounts to millions of dollars, while the nut is in demand from one end of the Union to the other at satisfactory prices.
"The section of country contiguous to and lying south of James River, and between Norfolk and Petersburg, may be correctly termed the peanut garden of the world.
"In this section peanut farming has been brought to the highest state of perfection, and the average production per acre greatly increased from what was considered a good yield a few years ago.
"The one great difficulty in handling the crop seems to be, in the fact that no machine has yet been invented which will pick off the nuts from the vines in a satisfactory manner. This work must be done by hand, and as the entire crop matures at one and the same time, there is such a demand for labor during the picking off season that the supply is utterly inadequate to the demand. It is probable that within the next few years some plan will be devised for the successful storage of peas and vines until they can be conveniently picked off; and when this desirable end is accomplished, much of the rush and confusion incident to the gathering and marketing of the peanut crop will be avoided. This is already done by every thrifty planter who is able to hold his crop until such time as he sees fit to sell it. He stores his peanuts away, and picks them off, mostly with his own force, at convenient intervals through the winter and spring.
"While so much has been done in the way of improvements in the production of the Peanut, those who have done the handling after reaching market have not been idle. In former years, only the bright shell and those well-filled, could be sold in the market. A dark color or half-filled pods was sufficient cause for rejection, and frequently they were on this account not even offered in market. Here, however, machinery was more successful. Various mechanical contrivances have been put in operation for cleaning and assorting the nuts, and to-day every grade of peanuts--from the large, plump, well-filled shell, to the smallest, blackest, and most insignificant half-filled pod--has a regular standard market value, according to the weight per bushel."
Commended by the Greatest Educators of Germany, England and the United States. Endorsed by Officials, and adopted in many Schools
New Methods in Education
Art, Real Manual Training, Nature Study. Explaining Processes whereby Hand, Eye and Mind are Educated by Means that Conserve Vitality and Develop a Union of Thought and Action
By J. Liberty Tadd
_Director of the Public School of Industrial Art of Manual Training and Art in the R. C. High School, and in several Night Schools, Member of the Art Club, Sketch Club, and Educational Club, and of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia_
Based on twenty-two years' experience with thousands of children and hundreds of teachers. "A method reasonable, feasible and without great cost, adapted to all grades, from child to adult; a plan that can be applied without friction to every kind of educational institution or to the family, and limited only by the capacity of the individual; a method covered by natural law, working with the absolute precision of nature itself; a process that unfolds the capacities of children as unfold the leaves and flowers; a system that teaches the pupils that they are in the plan and part of life, and enables them to work out their own salvation on the true lines of design and work as illustrated in every natural thing."
=A Wealth of Illustration--478 Pictures and 44 Full-Page Plates=
showing children and teachers practicing these new methods or their work. A revelation to all interested in developing the wonderful capabilities of young or old. The pictures instantly fascinate every child, imbuing it with a desire to do likewise. Teachers and parents at once become enthusiastic and delighted over the Tadd methods which this book enables them to put into practice. Not a hackneyed thought nor a stale picture. Fresh, new, practical, scientific, inspiring
=AMONG THOSE WHO ENDORSE THE WORK ARE=
HERBERT SPENCER, DR. W. W. KEENE, PRESIDENT HUEY--Of the Philadelphia board of education.
SECRETARY GOTZE--Of the leading pedagogical society of Germany (by which the book is being translated into German for publication at Berlin).
CHARLES H. THURBER--Professor of Pedagogy, University of Chicago.
TALCOTT WILLIAMS--Editor Philadelphia Press, Book News, etc.
R. H. WEBSTER--Superintendent of Schools, San Francisco.
DR. A. E. WINSHIP--Editor Journal of Education.
W. F. SLOCUM--President Colorado College.
FREDERICK WINSOR--Head master The Country School for Boys of Baltimore City, under the auspices of Johns Hopkins University.
G. B. MORRISON--Principal Manual Training High School, Kansas City.
DR. EDWARD KIRK--Dean University of Penn.
G. E. DAWSON--(Clark University), Professor of Psychology. Bible Normal College.